Dr. Bruce Monger
4124 Snee Hall
Biological oceanography; Remote sensing
1996: Postdoctoral Fellow
Satellite Remote Sensing of Ocean Color
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
1993: PhD, Biological Oceanography
Department of Oceanography
University of Hawaii at Manoa
1988: MS, Biological Oceanography
School of Oceanography
University of Washington
1981: AA, Natural Science
Highline Community College
My research activities are directed primarily at using satellite imagery to examine interannual variability of spring phytoplankton blooms and the affect that bloom variability has on higher trophic level processes. Initial application of this research approach was in the Gulf of Maine region. By combining satellite-derived imagery of chlorophyll concentration and sea surface temperature, and using published laboratory data relating reproductive rates of herbivorous zooplankton as a function of food abundance and temperature, I derived a time series of imagery depicting spatial variability in the reproductive potential of zooplankton populations in the Gulf of Maine. This was a novel application of remote sensing data and provided new insight into mechanisms contributing to interannual variability in regional zooplankton abundance and subsequent variability in the larval success of commercially important fish populations. This research approach is currently being extended in work with Andrew Pershing and others that takes the next logical step of combining the satellite data with information about regional advection and zooplankton development rates to model the full zooplankton population dynamics within the Gulf of Maine. The ultimate intent of this work is to use zooplankton abundances to aid in determining major foraging area of North Atlantic right whale populations.
In addition to the Gulf of Maine research, I have also been focusing a considerable amount of my research activity on understanding the physical mechanisms that contribute to interannual variability in spring phytoplankton blooms across the North Atlantic basin. I worked with Andrew Barton using long-term continuous plankton recorder data to examine decadal changes in bloom dynamics (Barton et al. 2004). I also worked with Rei Ueyama, first when she was a senior undergraduate and then as a continuing graduate student, using satellite data to examine variability in bloom dynamics at interannual time scales. This research effort contributed to an EAS Master Thesis by Rei Ueyama and to a recently published research paper (Ueyama and Monger, 2005).
- An activity that has received a lot of my attention since 1998 has been the development of an internationally recognized satellite remote sensing training program at Cornell. The increased need to understand ocean processes at the global scale, driven in part by expanding interest in climate change research, prompted NASA to build an elaborate satellite-based ocean observation system that now generates an almost unimaginable volume and variety of satellite data on a daily basis. There has not, however, been a similar push to increase the educational opportunities for researchers to learn how to work with these new satellite data sets and, consequently, the vast amounts of satellite data currently being collected are not being exploited to their fullest potential. In response to this problem, I obtained seed money in 1999 from NASA to create a summer program at Cornell University that would provide critical training in the use of a wide variety of global ocean satellite data sets. The goal of the program was to teach marine researchers and resource managers the computer skills needed to work with archived data sets derived from a wide variety of satellite sensors and to merge these data sets to examine biological response to changes in the physical ocean environment at regional and global scales. Beginning in 2003 the training program became self-supporting with revenue coming from student tuition. Since its inception, the program has trained over a hundred participants comprised mainly of graduate students, but also containing a significant number of postgraduate professionals and advanced Cornel undergraduates. For more information about this program, visit the course website: http://www.geo.cornell.edu/ocean/satellite/
- Pershing A. J., N. R. Record, B. C. Monger, D. E. Pendleton, L. A. Woodard. 2009. Model-based estimates of Calanus finmarchicus abundance in the Gulf of Maine. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 378:227-243
- Pershing A. J., N. R. Record, B. C. Monger, C. A. Mayo, M. W. Brown, T. V. N. Cole, R. D. Kenney, D. E. Pendleton, L. A. Woodard. 2009. Model-based estimates of right whale habitat use in the Gulf of Maine. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 378:245-257.
- Ueyama, R. and B. C. Monger, 2005. Wind-induced modulation of seasonal phytoplankton blooms in the North Atlantic derived from satellite observations. Limnology and Oceanography 50:1820-1829.
- Greene, C.H., A.J. Pershing, B.C. Monger, M.C. Benfield, E.G. Durbin and M.C. Casa. 2004. Supply-side ecology and the response of zooplankton to climate-driven changes in the circulation of the North Atlantic Ocean. Oceanography 5:10-21
- Barton, A.D., C.H. Greene, B.C. Monger, and A.J. Pershing. 2004 Continuous plankton recorder survey phytoplankton measurements and the North Atlantic Oscillation: interannual to multidecadal variability in the Northwest Shelf, Northeast Shelf, and Central North Atlantic Ocean. Prog. Oceanogr. 58: 337-358.
- Monger, B. C., M. R. Landry and S. L. Brown. 1999. Feeding selection of heterotrophic marine nanoflagellates based on the surface hydrophobicity of their picoplankton prey Limnology and Oceanography 44:1917-1927.
- Monger, B. C., S. Chinna-Chandy, E. Meir, S. Billings, C. H. Greene and P. H. Wiebe. 1998. Sound scattering by gelatinous zooplankters Aequorea victoria and Pleurobrachia bachei. Deep-Sea Res. II. 45:1255-1271.
- Monger, B., C. McClain and R. Murtugudde. 1997. Seasonal phytoplankton dynamics in the Eastern Tropical Atlantic. J. Geophys. Res. 102:12,389-12,411.
- Monger, B. C., J. M. Fischer, B. A. Grantham, V. Medland, B. Cai and K. Higgins. 1997. Frequency response of a simple food chain model with time-delayed recruitment: Implications for abiotic-biotic coupling. In: Tuljapurkar, S and H. Caswell, [eds.], Structured Population Models in Marine, Terrestrial and Freshwater Systems. Chapman & Hall, NY, pp. 435-452.
- Landry, M. R., B. C. Monger and K. E. Selph. 1993. The time-dependency of microzooplankton grazing and phytoplankton growth in the subarctic Pacific. Prog. Oceanogr. 32:205-222.
- Landry, M. R., D. J. Gifford, D. L. Kirchman, P. A. Wheeler and B. C. Monger. 1993. Direct and indirect effects of grazing by Neocalanus plumchrus on the dynamics of plankton communities in the subarctic Pacific. Prog. Oceanogr. 32:239-258.
- Monger, B. C. and M. R. Landry. 1993. Flow cytometric analysis of marine bacteria using Hoechst 33342. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59: 905-911.
- Monger, B. C. and M. R. Landry. 1992. Size-selective grazing by heterotrophic nanoflagellates: an analysis using live-stained bacteria and dual-beam flow cytometry. Arch. Hydrobiol. Beih. 37: 173-185.
- Monger, B. C. and M. R. Landry. 1991. Prey-size dependency of grazing by free-living marine flagellates. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 74: 239-248.
- Monger, B. C. and M. R. Landry. 1990. Direct-interception feeding by marine zooflagellates: The importance of surface forces and hydrodynamic forces. Mar. Ecol. Prog Ser. 65: 123-140.
- Greene, C. H., M. R. Landry and B. C. Monger. 1986. Foraging behavior and prey selection by the ambush entangling predator Pleurobrachia bachei. Ecology 67: 1493-1501.